DNA revealed that 17 people found in a medieval well in England were victims of an antisemitic massacre

A new study shows that the remains of 17 people, mostly children, found in 2004 during a construction project in Norwich, England, are likely those of medieval Jews massacred because of their religion.

Genetic analysis of the remains indicates that the dead were all Ashkenazi Jews – that is, descendants of Jews who established communities in northern Europe, mainly in what is now Germany and France, during the early medieval period. (Many Ashkenazi later moved from these areas to Eastern Europe, after the eleventh and thirteenth centuries.) Other research indicates that the Norwich dead were killed during an antisemitic massacre in the city in 1190, by Crusaders who vowed to campaign against Muslims in Jerusalem.

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